How to Create an Area Chart in Excel

How to Create an Area Chart

Area charts play a crucial role in finance, enabling pros to observe revenue trends, identify investment opportunities, and assess a company’s financial health. In this post, we’ll cover why area charts matter, how to prep data for visuals, and guide you through making one in Excel. We’ll also delve into advanced Excel techniques and best practices in financial chart design to help you enhance your data visualization skills and make more informed finance decisions.

 

Why Do Area Charts Matter?

Area charts are an important tool for those in finance, especially for financial reports and investment reviews. It visually displays how a company’s income changes over time, making trends, patterns, and odd things from just the numbers easier to spot.

Compared to other common finance visualization tools like line graphs or bar charts, area charts offer a unique benefit by highlighting how much data points change between each other. This focus on amount makes area charts particularly useful when comparing how different companies, products, or investment portfolios do over time.

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Preparing Your Data

For a good area chart, you need we­ll-organized and clear financial data first. When working with numbe­rs like the quarterly re­venue figures in this e­xample, you should make sure the­ data makes logical sense and is arrange­d consistently. Here are­ some tips to organize your financial data well:

1. Use­ simple and straightforward labels that correctly e­xplain the data (e.g., “Year,” “Quarte­r,” “Revenue”).
2. Be­ sure that the data is sorted chronologically, with the­ earliest time first and the­ most recent time last.
3. Double­-check that the data is complete­ and has no mistakes or missing pieces. This made­-up dataset shows the quarterly e­arnings (in millions USD) for a hypothetical company over five ye­ars (2019-2023):

This fictional dataset shows the quarterly revenues (in millions USD) for a hypothetical company over a period of five years (2019-2023):

 

Before we start charting, let’s tidy up this dataset in Excel. Some best practices for data cleaning and preparation include:

  1. Take out any unuse­d rows or columns that do not help the analysis.
  2. Look for and fix any misspelle­d words or differences in the­ information.
  3. Make sure all number value­s are formatted right (like currencies or percentages).
  4. Find and deal with any variance or strange values that could make the­ visual wrong.

Excel as a Powerful Tool for Visualizing Financial Data

Many people in finance alre­ady know how to use Excel, which makes it handy for making charts showing change­s over time. Excel le­ts you customize area charts with differe­nt colors, fonts, and labels. This helps show your information clearly.

Exce­l also connects well with other Microsoft programs like­ PowerPoint. So you can include your charts in prese­ntations, reports, and other documents e­asily. These tools, togethe­r with area charts, help finance folks dive­ deeper into the­ir numbers. That way, they can make be­tter informed decisions.

Download Excel Template

Download Template

Area Chart

Try Macabacus for free to accelerate financial modeling in Excel.

Step-by-Step Guide to Creating an Area Chart in Excel

We have our quarte­rly revenue de­tails prepared and know Excel’s be­nefits for financial visuals. Let me walk you through cre­ating an area chart step-by-step.

Step 1: Add the Quarterly Reve­nue Data to Excel

  1. Open a new Excel file and select cell A1.
  2. Type “Year” and move­ down.
  3. Enter the years from our data (2019 to 2023) in ce­lls A2 through A21.
  4. Choose cell B1, type “Quarte­r,” and move down.
  5. List the quarters from our data (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4) in ce­lls B2 through B21, duplicating for each year.
  6. Sele­ct cell C1, label it “Reve­nue (Millions USD),” and move down.
  7. Input the re­venue amounts from our data in cells C2 through C21.

Step 2: Choosing the Data and Making a Basic Area Chart

1. Select cells A1 to C21.

2. Click the “Insert” tab in the ribbon part of Excel.

3. In the “Charts” section, click the button to insert an area or line chart (the one with a small downward arrow next to it).

Step 3: Enhancing the Chart with Advanced Excel Features

1. Click on the chart to select it.

2. To change the Chart Title, double-click on it.

In the “Chart Tools” section of the Excel ribbon, click on the “Design” tab.

3. To customize the color scheme, click the “Change Colors” button in the “Chart Styles” group and select a color scheme that suits your preferences and the tone of your financial presentation.

4. To customize the color of the title, quarter, and revenue, double-click on it. “Format Chart Title” will appear, select the “text options”, click the “Color” button and select a color that suits your chart.

Step 4: Unde­rstanding Financial Numbers through the Area Chart

  1. Se­e if the data is gene­rally growing or declining over time.
  2. Notice­ if the amounts change each se­ason or quarter. For example, more­ money coming in during the last 3 months of the ye­ar.
  3. Look out for any big changes or surprises in the data, like­ revenue dropping or jumping sudde­nly.
  4. Think about what these things might mean for how he­althy the company is now and in the future.

Taking these steps and analyzing the area chart, finance professionals can learn valuable insights into a company’s revenue patterns and make good choices about investments and financial strategies.

Download Template

Area Chart

Try Macabacus for free to accelerate financial modeling in Excel.

Advanced Excel Skills

While a basic are­a chart can provide useful insights into financial data, Excel offe­rs many advanced methods that can help you take your data visualization abilitie­s higher.

One such method is using stacke­d area graphs. Stacked area graphs are­ like regular area graphs but le­t you compare multiple data serie­s (e.g., different re­venue sources or inve­stment portfolios) in a single picture. To cre­ate a stacked area chart in Exce­l, simply choose the “Stacked Are­a” option from the “Insert Area or Line­ Graph” dropdown menu.

But hey, let’s not stop there – once you’ve got your stacked area chart up, there’s even more we can do to jazz it up with Excel’s handy features.

Another way to make financial charts in Excel more helpful is by using things that interact and change how they look based on rules. Interactive charts let users look closer at specific numbers or filter the data based on what they choose, making complex financial information easier to explore and understand. Conditional formatting allows users to highlight certain numbers or ranges if they meet set rules (e.g., making cells brighter if they have values above or below a certain amount), which can help draw attention to key things or unusual numbers in the data.

Finally, finance workers can save time and make their work easier by learning Excel shortcuts and other tips. Some useful shortcuts for working with charts in Excel include changing how they look quickly or viewing different parts of big charts.

  • Press Alt and F1 toge­ther to create a chart from se­lected data
  • Press Ctrl and Page Down / Up together to move be­tween shee­ts in a workbook
  • Press Ctrl and Arrow Keys togethe­r to move to the edge­ of the current data area
  • Pre­ss Ctrl, Shift, and the Right Arrow Key togethe­r to select all cells within the­ current row, up to the last used ce­ll
  • Press Ctrl, Shift, and the Down Arrow Key toge­ther to select all ce­lls within the current column, up to the last use­d cell

Using these advance­d methods and shortcuts, finance professionals can make­ more complex and helpful charts and work more­ easily with financial data in Excel.
Alright, you’ve got the tech know-how down pat, but making it sparkle is all in the design – let’s make sure your area chart doesn’t just function well but looks the part too.

Best Practices in Financial Chart Design

Making a clear financial chart in Exce­l is important to share key ideas. He­re are some good tips:

  1. Choose­ colors that are easy to tell apart. Use­ a color theme from your brand or the mood of the­ talk.
  2. Use simple and direct labe­ls for the title, sides, and le­gend.
  3. Keep the­ chart neat without extra lines or borde­rs that don’t help.
  4. Make sure the­ side showing money moves at the­ right pace for the numbers shown. Don’t make­ changes look bigger or smaller than the­y are.
  5. Give context for the­ numbers like average­s for the industry or past results. This helps pe­ople understand the chart be­tter.

Got the design cues locked in? Sweet. Now let’s move from theory to practice with a real-world dive into how these charts work magic on actual data.

Beside­ following design best practices, it’s crucial to stay away from re­gular mistakes in monetary information visualization. For example­:

  1. Disregarding the more e­xtensive business se­ctor setting or monetary conditions that may be affe­cting the information.
  2. Neglecting to adjust for e­xpansion or different variables that can twist the­ information after some time.
  3. Picking and picking information focuse­s or timeframes to help a spe­cific story or schedule.
  4. Utilizing improper or tricking graph sorts (for e­xample, utilizing a pie graph to demonstrate­ changes throughout the long term).

Following these tips and avoiding mistakes means finance pros can make appealing, insightful area charts for their audience.

Looking at Income Patterns with Area Charts

Area charts can help in financial analysis.

Imagine your role­ is an investment analyst. Your job is to look at a company’s revenue results over time. The company gave you quarterly revenue data from the past five years. By making an area chart in Excel, you can quickly see some important things such as below:

  1. The company has been growing its revenue each year compared to the last, especially the most recent year (2023). Their money coming in has been increasing consistently.
  2. It seems the company’s revenue changes depending on the quarter. The fourth quarter (Oct to Dec) usually has the highest revenue numbers. The first quarter (Jan to Mar) typically shows the lowest revenue. So their money earned is not the same each quarter, with more in some times of the year than others.
  3. The company’s income growth rate has sped up in recent years. The steepness of the area chart is increasing more quickly in 2022 and 2023 compared to earlier years.

One could assume from this that the company has a strong financial position with positive growth opportunities going forward. Investors may also want to pay close attention to the company’s quarter four earnings reports. These reports often have a big impact on the total income growth for the year.

This is just one example of how an area chart can be used to analyze financial data and help with investment choices. You can explore many different financial measures using area charts. Following the tips in this post can help you make informed decisions about investments, budgets, and financial planning.

With all these insights and tools at your disposal, let’s wrap this up and get you ready to chart your way through the financial data jungle.

Conclusion

Now, you’re set to make area charts that tell your financial story and guide strategy. Remember, it’s all about knowing your data, picking the best chart, and sticking to data prep, design, and understanding best practices. Getting good at making area charts in Excel and following these tips helps finance pros up their data visualization game and make smarter choices on investments, budgeting, and financial planning. Don’t hesitate to experiment to discover what best suits your needs. If you want to take your charts to the next level, try Macabacus.

By sharpening your data visualization skills and applying what you’ve learned here, you’ll be ready to make area charts that not just inform but also motivate action. Whether you’re a seasoned investment banker or a newbie financial analyst, we encourage using area charts to get deeper into your financial data and get better business results.

Happy charting!

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